Electronic passports are modern security documents with many security features, and functions such as Government Root Certification Authority and Country Signing Certificate Authority plays an important role in the solution. Several components are required in order to produce and inspect ePassports. The important security features are standardized by ICAO and the EU. Thanks to the standardization, possible ePassport fraud is easier to detect at member states’ border checkpoints. From a PKI perspective, the ePassport security features can be divided into two categories: Basic Access Control (BAC) ensuring the authenticity of the passport and Extended Access Control (EAC) protecting privacy of fingerprints stored in the passport chip. To produce ePassports, PKI and a Digital Signature solution is needed. To verify ePassports from different countries, you need PKI and a Directory for different countries (NPKD).