2019-08-08

Smart Factory and Industry 4.0

Traditional production processes are increasingly inching towards the direction of Smart Factory and Industry 4.0 [1]. One defining characteristic of these new working environments is the interconnectivity of machines, facilities and products with each other and their networking with established back-office systems, such as MES (Manufacturing Execution System), PLM (Product Lifecycle Management), warehousing software or ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) solutions. Employees can get involved in this communication flow via mobile devices such as tablets, augmented reality and mixed reality peripherals.

The goal of a Smart Factory is to digitize the entire value chain, from product design down to manufacturing, sales and service. Through that, companies expect higher efficiency and speed as well as optimized logistics processes.

The Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) plays a crucial role in the Smart Factory. It is the bridge between two worlds [2]:

  • OT (Operational Technology) systems in production: These are, for example, sensors and embedded components in machines.
  • IT systems: They are responsible for the management of product lifecycles, task management and connection to cloud services.Compared to the Internet of Things (IoT), an IIoT infrastructure must meet additional requirements within the manufacturing environment. These include low delay times (latency), so that real-time processes can run smoothly, as well as high availability and reliability. Security also plays an important role. Internal or external attackers cannot be allowed to hack or manipulate any IIoT components or software. Otherwise, disruptions of manufacturing processes or data theft are inevitable.

Secure Communication in IoT

The Industrial Internet of Things, including OT and IT, requires a comprehensive and simultaneously practical security strategy. Otherwise, cyber criminals will have an easy time getting in. Mainstream tools such as a Public Key Infrastructure and new innovative solutions like the Secure Execution Environment have proven effective countermeasures.

 

 

Read about PrimeKey PKI, Signing Secure Execution Environment products that can be used in IIoT solutions:

PrimeKey SEE

EJBCA Enterprise

SignServer Enterprise

[1] https://www.daimler.com/innovation/case/connectivity/industrie-4-0.html
[2] https://www.iosb.fraunhofer.de/servlet/is/80215/

 

 

This is an abstract from the PrimeKey white paper that takes a deep dive into Security for IIoT environments.

Stay tuned for the white paper, which is scheduled to be released in September 2019.

 


 

Author: Andreas Philipp

Andreas Philipp has more than 20 years of extensive experience in several roles and positions within the Security Module Business. He joined PrimeKey in 2017 and is now Business Development Manager with his base in Aachen, Germany.

Contact Andreas:
andreas.philipp@primekey.com